Nh older date discrete

Once an electron is in this lowest orbit, it can get no closer to the proton.Starting from the angular momentum quantum rule, Bohr Bohr's condition, that the angular momentum is an integer multiple of ħ was later reinterpreted in 1924 by de Broglie as a standing wave condition: the electron is described by a wave and a whole number of wavelengths must fit along the circumference of the electron's orbit: described h divided by the electron momentum.In 1925, a new kind of mechanics was proposed, quantum mechanics, in which Bohr's model of electrons traveling in quantized orbits was extended into a more accurate model of electron motion. Another form of the same theory, wave mechanics, was discovered by the Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger independently, and by different reasoning.Schrödinger employed de Broglie's matter waves, but sought wave solutions of a three-dimensional wave equation describing electrons that were constrained to move about the nucleus of a hydrogen-like atom, by being trapped by the potential of the positive nuclear charge.The model's key success lay in explaining the Rydberg formula for the spectral emission lines of atomic hydrogen.While the Rydberg formula had been known experimentally, it did not gain a theoretical underpinning until the Bohr model was introduced.If the coupling to the electromagnetic field is weak, so that the orbit doesn't decay very much in one cycle, the radiation will be emitted in a pattern which repeats every period, so that the Fourier transform will have frequencies which are only multiples of 1/T.This is the classical radiation law: the frequencies emitted are integer multiples of 1/T.

This would produce a continuous smear, in frequency, of electromagnetic radiation.), where the negatively- charged electron confined to an atomic shell encircles a small, positively charged atomic nucleus and where an electron jumps between orbits it is accompanied by an emitted or absorbed amount of electromagnetic energy (hν).In atomic physics, the Rutherford–Bohr model or Bohr model or Bohr diagram, introduced by Niels Bohr and Ernest Rutherford in 1913, depicts the atom as a small, positively charged nucleus surrounded by electrons that travel in circular orbits around the nucleus—similar to structure of the Solar System, but with attraction provided by electrostatic forces rather than gravity.Calculation of the orbits requires two assumptions.is Coulomb's constant and Z is the atom's atomic number.As a theory, it can be derived as a first-order approximation of the hydrogen atom using the broader and much more accurate quantum mechanics and thus may be considered to be an obsolete scientific theory.

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