The country and its people take their names from Mswati II, the 19th-century king under whose rule Swazi territory was expanded and unified.
At no more than 200 kilometres (120 mi) north to south and 130 kilometres (81 mi) east to west, Swaziland is one of the smallest countries in Africa; despite this, its climate and topography are diverse, ranging from a cool and mountainous highveld to a hot and dry lowveld.
Under Sobhuza I, the Ngwane people eventually established their capital at Zombodze in the heartland of present-day Swaziland.
In this process, they conquered and incorporated the long established clans of the country known to the Swazi as Emakhandzambili.
The extent of their autonomy however was drastically curtailed by Mswati, who attacked and subdued some of them in the 1850s.The earliest known inhabitants of the region were Khoisan hunter-gatherers.They were largely replaced by the Kashian hunter-tribe during the Bantu migrations.These peoples hailed from the Great Lakes regions of eastern and central Africa.Evidence of agriculture and iron use dates from about the 4th century.Thanks for being there and for showing me that I'm not alone."—Mike POZ: Reducing HIV Stigma One Story at a Time The 411: Featuring a dating network of 150,000 members, personal testimonies added weekly and consistently-updated news, POZ is breaking down barriers and supporting an often unfairly stigmatized community: those living with HIV.