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In the introduction to his History, al-Tabari declared his intention to append to it a biographical work for the readers convenience. The thirty-ninth volume is a compendium of biographies of early members of the Muslim community, compiled by al-Tabari; although not strictly a part of his History, it complements it. 250 Biographies Those Who Died in the Year 150 (February 6, y6j-fanuary 25, j68) Abu Hanifah al-Nu'man b. He would have been of no special interest, had my assistant, Tariq Abu Rajab, not unearthed the following unique information: The man was "a poet, a learned man, and practiced kalam (i.e. Nevertheless, the latter's reliability was not beyond dispute. The Banu Hilal were a branch of the northern great confederation of 'Amir b. 1126 I then said "O Commander of the Faithful, my family has sent me to buy something with some money, then refused to accept it." Abu Ja'far said: "What a bad treatment you received from your family!

Only a col- lection of excerpts has survived, however. The History has been divided here into thirty-nine volumes, each of which covers about 200 pages of the original Arabic text in the Leiden edition. theological discussions) in the time of al- Tabari. See Kister, "Massacre," 74-80; Landau- Tasseron, "Sayf," 8. Ibn Sa'd, VII/2, 67 (without mention of the source). Take these ten thousands and dole it out." Opinions differ as to the time of Mis'ar's death. 'Abdallah al-Asadi: Mis'ar died in al- Kufah in the year 152/January 14, 769-January 3, 770, during the caliphate of Abu Ja'far [al-Mansur].

The biographies vary in length and style, ranging from mere identification of a person to long accounts and anecdotes. VI Preface Al-Tabari very often quotes his sources verbatim and traces the chain of transmission ( isnad ) to an original source. The lex- icographer al-Azharl, however, argues that al-Layth was mistaken: shirshir is the nam e of a certain desert shrub. Ibn 'Abd Rabbihi, V, 303; al-Jahiz, I, 148-49 (read al-Rani for al-Ra’y; the editor could not identify Abu Sa'id).

This volume represents a long tradition characteristic of Muslim culture. The chains of transmitters are, for the sake of brevity, rendered by only a dash ( — ) between the individual links in the chain. Haritha," El 1 , VII, 1194 he was a reliable [transmitter] ( thiqah ). I fail to see how a shrub can be confused with a dog. Excerpts from The Supplement to the Supplemented 251 These are issues no Shirshir can master or his friends, when asked [their opinion]. Zuhayr al-Hilall, a genuine member of the Banu Hilal. According to Abu al-Sa’ib — Abu Nu'aym — Mis'ar: I came to see Abu Ja'far [al-Mansur] and said [to him] "O Commander of the Faithful, I am your maternal uncle." He said "Which one of them together with the work of al-Waqidl constituted the foundation of all subsequent research on Muhammad's life.

This is an original and illuminating interpretation of events in a region that is still deeply affected by the transformations that Michael Provence illustrates so perceptively.' Rashid Khalidi - Edward Said Professor of Modern Arab Studies, Columbia University 'Michael Provence’s book is a revelation.

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Estelle Whelan, who capably coordinated and saw through the press the publication of most of the volumes in this series, including the present one. Biblical figures appear in the accepted English spelling. They brought him to the market at 'Ukkaz 22 and offered him for sale, whereupon Hakim b. Abu Hanlfah then delivered a speech, saying "Here is Zufar b. He was a transmitter of Arab poetry ( rawiyah ), [as well as] many traditions.

The preparation of this volume was made possible in part by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Bibliotheca Persica Edited by Ehsan Yar-Shater The History of al-Tabari (Ta’rlkh al-rusul wa’l-mnluk) Volume xxxix Biographies of the Prophet's Companions and Their Successors translated and annotated by Ella Landau-Tasseron The Hebrew University of Jerusalem State University of New York Press Published by State University of New York Press, Albany © 1998 State University of New York All rights reserved Printed in the United States of America No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews. Iranian names are usually transcribed according to their Arabic forms, and the presumed Iranian forms are often discussed in the footnotes. 1 C: Islamic Culture IOS: Israel Oriental Studies IQ: Islamic Quarterly JAOS: Journal of the American Oriental Society JASB: Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal JESHO: Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient JNES: Journal of Near Eastern Studies JPHS: Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society JRAS: Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society JSAI: Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam JSS: Journal of Semitic Studies MIDEO: Melanges de l’Institut Dominicain d’Etudes Orientales du Caire MW: Muslim World WZKM: Wiener Zeitschrift fur die Kunde Morgenlandes ZDMG: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenlandischen Gesellschaft Translator's Foreword 9 In the introduction to his History al-Tabari declares his intention to append to the work biographical notes on the Prophet's Compa- nions, their Successors, and transmitters of traditions from subse- quent generations. 19 It was reported that in pre-Islamic times Zayd's mother, Su'da bt. al-Hudhayl, one of the Muslims' [religious] leaders and a prominent figure, a man of noble descent, dignity, and knowledge." Some of Zufar's clan said "We are pleased that it was Abu Hanlfah who spoke and no other," as Abu Hanlfah men- tioned Zufar's qualities and praised him. Apparently the reference is to the Basran jurist Uthman b. See Juynboll, Muslim Tradi- tion, 87-88; al-Dhahabi, Siyar, VI, 347; Ibn Hibban, Mashahlr, 265; al-Safadi, XVII, 207; Waki', passim, especially vol. His erudition was immense; he was a seeker of knowledge and a first-rate scholar.

Muslim scholars developed biographical literature into a rich and complex genre. Thus, "According to Ibn Humayd — Salamah — Ibn Ishaq" means that al-Tabari re- ceived the report from Ibn Humayd, who said that he was told by Salamah, who said that he was told by Ibn Ishaq, and so on. Only Hanafis, dwellers in al-Kufah, do we know to grasp this religion. Ishaq: My father died in Baghdad in the year x 50/February 6, 767-January 25, 768 and was buried in the cemetery of al-Khayzuran.

It was intended to be an auxiliary branch of religious study, aimed at determining the reliability of chains of transmission through which traditions were handed down. The numerous subtle and important differences in the original Arabic wording have been disregarded. Do not ask a Medinan, turning him thereby into an infidel, 1111 about anything but the cords of the lute [of a musician], A variant is wa-al-muthanna aw al-zh . His grandfather Yasar was a captive, among others, from 'Ayn al-Tamr.

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